Proper diet prevents hepatitis!
Spring is the season when various infectious diseases are prone. Will the incidence of liver disease be the highest in spring?
How to prevent hepatitis?
The reporter interviewed Professor Zhang Chizhi, a well-known liver expert and doctoral supervisor of the Provincial Traditional Chinese Medicine Liver Medical Center of the Provincial Traditional Chinese Hospital.
Reporter: What are the prone hepatitis in spring?
How to prevent it?
Zhang: Hepatitis prone to spring mainly refers to acute jaundice hepatitis, including hepatitis A and hepatitis E. The common feature is that it is transmitted through the digestive tract.
For example, hepatitis A and hepatitis E viruses in the feces have been disinfected and contaminated water, food, or hands. If someone does not cook or wash their hands when eating, they may be infected with acute jaundice hepatitis.
The best way to prevent it is to prevent illness from entering the mouth.
Do not drink raw water, do not eat undercooked vegetables, fruits, wash hands before and after meals, use sterile tableware to eat; destroy insects that can spread bacteria, such as flies and cockroaches.
Reporter: Chronic liver disease is also easy to get worse in spring. What is the reason for this?
Zhang: We often find that carriers of hepatitis B virus, patients with chronic hepatitis B, chronic hepatitis C, and cirrhosis were originally stable. Once infected with acute jaundice hepatitis (overlapping infection), it led to the exacerbation of primary liver disease and even severe hepatitis (Severe hepatitis).
In addition, spring is the season for the propagation of pathogenic microorganisms such as various viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Patients with liver disease have low resistance and are susceptible to colds or respiratory infections, bronchitis, pneumonia, and infectious diseases. Toxins in bacteria can attack the liver.It is also the reason why liver disease is easily aggravated in spring.
Reporter: What are the main clinical manifestations of acute jaundice hepatitis?
Zhang: Infected with hepatitis A or E, both manifested as loss of appetite, oiliness, nausea, vomiting, pain in the liver area, bloating and diarrhea, dark red urine and jaundice.
Some patients without jaundice are easily missed.
In particular, pregnant women should be reminded to be aware of miscarriages and stillbirths if they are infected with acute jaundice hepatitis.
Reporter: Chronic has “Chun Yi Liver” since ancient times. Please tell us how to raise liver in spring.
Zhang: First of all, Chinese medicine believes that in the four seasons, spring belongs to wood, and the characteristics of liver and wood are similar.
Only by maintaining optimistic mood and confidence to overcome the disease can patients change the course of disease on the basis of reasonable treatment.
Essentially, TCM believes that the liver is hiding blood.
Patients should maintain a regular life, live on time, and maintain extra sleep.
Studies have shown that people’s liver blood flow during prevention is reduced by 30% compared to when bedridden, and when exercise is reduced by 50% -80%.
Therefore, in a quiet lying position, the liver blood volume increases, oxygen and nutrients in the liver increase, which is conducive to liver cell repair.
Finally, outdoor activities should be carried out frequently, breathing the breath of spring, and vomiting freshness, causing the liver to absorb more oxygen and nourishment to help the liver qi develop, but to work tirelessly.
Reporter: How does the diet nourish the liver?
Zhang: The spring diet has nourished the liver.
Sun Simiao said: “On the 72nd day of spring, the province increased its acidity to increase its temper.
“The so-called” acid-saving “means less absorption of acidic food.
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that the Qi that is the main liver in the spring should have been strong, and the sour taste entering the liver has astringent properties, which is not conducive to the development of Yang Qi and liver Qi evacuation, which affects the normal functioning of liver function; and “sweetening” means choosing sweet foods such asJujube, red beans, lentils, barley, coriander, yam, etc. are used to nourish the spleen and prevent excessive liver gas from damaging the spleen, which is in line with the theory of Chinese medicine “seeing liver disease, knowing that the liver transmits the spleen, and taking the spleen first”.
Strong temper, enhanced immunity, is conducive to the recovery of human disease resistance and liver function.